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Lizzy Sunderhaus'12

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Forensic Science Courses

Undergraduate

CHE 321 Forensic Chemistry – 2 credits

This course will present an overview of forensic chemical principles. Topics will include the chemical fundamentals used in the area of forensic science including chemical data evaluation, quality and traceability, sampling, and uncertainty of quantitative data. Different types of forensic evidence, such as controlled substances, fire debris, explosives, gunshot residue and paint will be described as well as how to analyze such evidence will be discussed. The ethical analysis of forensic chemical evidence will be emphasized. Prerequisites: CHE 206, CHE 230, and CHE 302 (concurrent).

CHE 241 Crime Scene Investigation and Pattern Analysis - 4 credits

Students will be introduced to basic concepts in criminalistics, such as identification and individualization. Among the topics for lecture and laboratory instruction are photography and other methods of crime scene documentation, imprint and impression recovery , toolmark and firearm analysis, and questioned document examination. Students are introduced to physical patterns such as blood spatter, bullet trajectory, and glass fracture typically found at crime scenes. Emphasis is also placed on the proper handling, packaging, and transport of physical evidence from crime scenes. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours.
Prerequisite: CHE 111.

CHE 302 Instrumental Analysis - 4 credits

A study of the principles, applications, and theories of modern instrumental analysis methods, including signal/noise ratios, and the fundamentals of spectroscopy and chromatography. The components of a wide variety of instruments are examined in detail. Laboratory provides hands-on experience with modern analytical instrumentation, including gas and liquid chromatography, absorption and fluorescence, mass spectrometry, atomic absorption, Fourier transform infrared, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours.
Prerequisites: CHE 206 and PHY 102, or departmental approval.

CHE 347 Trace Evidence and Microscopy - 4 credits

Lecture and laboratory instruction are given in the analysis of trace evidence typically found in forensic investigations such as hair, fiber, soil, glass and paint. The course focuses on the use of the light microscope, polarized light microscope, scanning electron microscope, and the micro-FTIR as analytical tools. Students will also receive instruction in instrumental and wet chemical methods for the analysis of trace evidence, inorganic ions and drugs. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours.
Prerequisites: CHE 111 and CHE 112. Juniors and Seniors only.

CHE 348 Forensic Molecular Biology - 4 credits

Lecture and laboratory instruction are given in body fluid stain identification and modern DNA typing methods used in forensic biology. The process of DNA analysis is covered with emphasis placed on PCR technology and STR fragment analysis. Students are also introduced to mitochondrial DNA typing methods, Y-Chromosome typing methods as well as future forensic DNA methodologies. The use and calculation of population statistics used in forensic DNA testing is also discussed. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours.
Prerequisites: BIO 121 and 122, CHE 111 and 112, Juniors and Seniors only.

CHE 349 Professional Issues in Forensic Science - 3 credits

Students are introduced to professional issues specific for forensic science practitioners. Topics include the courtroom admissibility of physical evidence, courtroom testimony and report writing. Students are also presented with ethical dilemmas typically encountered by practitioners and discussion centers on their resolution. Standards of ethics codified by professional forensic organizations is also presented.
Prerequisite: Seniors in the Forensic Science concentration only.

FSC 101 Forensic Science in Criminal Investigations – 3-4 credits

Through online modules students will develop a fundamental appreciation of Biology, Chemistry and Physics and how each of these disciplines impact Forensic Science and Criminal Investigation. Students will learn how to use the scientific method and apply analytical data typical of the natural sciences to form proper conclusions in the analysis of physical evidence. Case studies will be discussed. Students can take the online lecture component only (3 credits) or the online lecture and on site lab component (4 credits). The laboratory component is described below. This course fulfills the Natural Science requirement of the Liberal Arts Curriculum.

Graduate

BIO 548 Research Design and Statistics – 3 credits

This course deals with fundamental and advanced concepts in probability, statistical methods, and hypothesis testing. Topics include, but are not limited to, fundamentals of probability; summary statistics; basic hypothesis testing; analysis of frequency data; analysis of variance; regression and correlation; factor analysis and principal components analysis; discriminant analysis; and other multivariate methods. Nonparametric approaches will also be covered. Statistical power will be discussed in the context of research design.

FSC 500 Thesis Prospectus - 2 credits

An introduction to scholarly and research manuscript writing, forensic science literature, and documentation styles and techniques. Discussion will center on current research trends within the forensic science community. Each student will write a thesis proposal by the end of the semester and select a thesis committee.
Prerequisites: Acceptance into the master’s program in forensic science and completion of all undergraduate prerequisites.

FSC 501 Forensic Science Research I - 4 credits

First-half of laboratory research in forensic science subject areas. Data generated from research will form the basis of a master’s thesis needed for degree completion.
Prerequisites: Successful completion of FSC 500.

FSC 502 Forensic Science Research I - 4 credits

Second-half of laboratory research in forensic science subject areas. Data generated from research will form the basis of a master’s thesis needed for degree completion.
Prerequisites: Successful completion of FSC 500 and FSC 501.

FSC 503 Professional Communication - 2 credits

Presentations from students on their master’s thesis research and from invited speakers. The course discusses all aspects of professional communication, oral and written, and evaluates a student’s ability to effectively communicate in the professional world. Students will learn how to write a resume and how to properly search the literature in preparation for their master’s theses.
Prerequisites: Successful completion of FSC 500, FSC 501 and FSC 502.

FSC 504 Graduate Seminar - 2 credits

A lecture series involving presentations from students on their master’s thesis research in a one hour seminar format. Select presentations from invited speakers.
Prerequisites: Successful completion of FSC 500, FSC 501, FSC 502 and FSC 503.

FSC 505 Separations Chemistry - 2 credits

An advanced study of the various types of separation methods used in chemistry with attention to specific types of applications to forensic evidence and modern methods of forensic chemical analysis. This course will challenge and advance the students understanding of the analytical separation methods and analyses of forensic science from a fundamental, chemical perspective. Students will learn from a scientific analytical perspective the theoretical and practical aspects in the concepts of separating analytes in forensic evidence. Topics will be presented to include modern separation methods, concepts, and techniques such as sample preparation techniques, extraction methods such as liquid-liquid, solid-phase, and micro-extraction, precipitation separations, ion-exchange separations, electrochemical and gravimetric separation methods, and chromatographic separations such as gas chromatography, liquid chromatography, supercritical fluid and capillary electrophoresis.
Prerequisites: Completion of undergraduate prerequisites for the program.

FSC 506 Analytical Spectroscopy - 2 credits

In this course the student will study various types of modern chemical spectroscopic techniques. From a fundamental, chemical perspective the course will challenge and advance the students understanding of these analytical methods used in forensic science. The focus of study will be the theoretical and practical spectroscopic concepts of analyzing forensic evidence. Topics will include molecular spectroscopy, ultraviolet spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, mass spectrometry (MS), atomic X-Ray spectrometry, inductively coupled plasma (ICP), ICP/MS, Raman spectroscopy, and surface characterization by spectroscopy.
Prerequisites: Completion of undergraduate prerequisites for the program.

FSC 507 Forensic Chemistry - 3 credits

A study of the chemistry of certain types of forensic evidence and modern methods of forensic chemical analysis. This course will challenge and advance the students understanding of the analytical methods and analyses of forensic science from a fundamental, chemical perspective. Students will learn from a scientific analytical perspective the analysis of materials such as drugs, glass, paints and plastics, fire debris, explosives, fibers and other types of physical evidence. The student will learn the meaning and significance of analytical data from a fundamental approach. Topics will be presented to include modern reactions, concepts, techniques and instrumentation such as chromatography, infrared spectroscopy, and ultraviolet spectroscopy. Prerequisites: Completion of undergraduate prerequisites for the program.

FSC 508 Forensic Pharmacology & Toxicology - 3 credits

The course will introduce students to principles and methods in the areas of forensic pharmacology and toxicology. The course will introduce pharmacological and toxicological principles as they pertain to commonly encountered abused and toxic substances. Discussions will focus on the drugs, their mechanism of action, post-mortem characteristics, methods of collection and methods of preservation and analysis. The course will review basic concepts of analytical chemistry as it applies to drug and body fluid analyses. Specific methods for the analysis of alcohol, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, opioids, cocaine, marijuana, amphetamines, and hallucinogens will be presented.
Prerequisites: Completion of undergraduate prerequisites for the program.

FSC 509 Advanced Crime Scene Reconstruction - 1 credit

There are various types of analysis a forensic scientist might perform when reconstructing a crime scene, all of which depend on the type of analysis that may be needed in a particular case. For example, reconstruction of violent crimes such as homicides often involves advanced techniques such as bloodstain pattern analysis (BPA) which may be accomplished by direct scene examination and/or scene photographs in conjunction with examination of clothing and weapons from the scene. Knowledge of BPA is also crucial to analysts choosing bloodstains from clothing and other items submitted to crime laboratories for serological and DNA testing. Training and experience are essential to properly reconstruct a crime scene. This course will begin with an introduction to basic crime scene investigation as it relates to crime scene reconstruction followed by an in-depth study of specialized techniques such as bloodstain pattern analysis, bullet trajectory analysis, and fire scene reconstruction. Students will then use this knowledge in hands-on exercises dealing with many of these topics. The course will end with a discussion on report writing and courtroom testimony of reconstruction cases.

FSC 510 Recent Advances in Forensic Biology - 3 credits

An advanced forensic biology course that will deal primarily with newer techniques used in body fluid stain identification, DNA extraction, DNA quantitation, PCR, and genotyping. Emphasis will be placed on state-of-the-art technologies and their application to common forensic biological issues such as degradation, sensitivity, specificity, and variation in sample type. Advanced DNA topics including SNPs, microbial DNA, Y-STRs, mitochondrial DNA, and plant and animal DNA will also be discussed. The course will also focus on population statistics used in forensic DNA analysis with an emphasis on statistical interpretation of mixtures.
Prerequisites: Completion of undergraduate prerequisites for the program.

FSC 511 Molecular Biology - 3 credits

The course begins with an examination of basic molecular biology including the structure of DNA, methodology of DNA replication, regulation of gene expression, and consequences of DNA mutations. The use of recombinant DNA and its applications in the study of human genetics will be explored as well as the impact of biotechnology on society.
Prerequisites: Completion of undergraduate prerequisites for the program.

FSC 512 Forensic Science Administration - 2 credits

This course will focus on the practical application of forensic science laboratory management. Scenarios of actual issues confronted by forensic science laboratory managers will be discussed as well as economic and business considerations in the administration of a forensic science laboratory. Discussion will also include current issues, prioritizing resource allocation, management of personnel, ethics, forensic science laboratory facilities, building relationships with outside agencies, leadership in a crime laboratory, and crisis response.
Prerequisites: Completion of undergraduate prerequisites for the program.

FSC 513 Advanced Microscopy - 3 credits

An advanced study in the theory and practical application of microscopy methods. This course will focus on polarized light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and spectroscopic methods that can be interfaced with the microscope (such as micro-FTIR, microspectrophotometry and x-ray microanalysis). Additional emphasis will be placed on sample preparation, photomicrography, and digital imaging.
Prerequisites: Completion of undergraduate prerequisites for the program.

FSC 514 Legal and Ethical Issues in the Forensic Sciences - 2 credits

The role that a forensic scientist plays in the litigation process will be discussed. Students will learn the appropriate guidelines for professionalism and conduct in expert witnessing. All students will participate in a moot court exercise. The course will also address standards of reliability and relevance of scientific evidence in court and the distinction between good science, bad science and junk science. Legal rules regarding the search and seizure of physical evidence and the development and application of professional codes of ethic will also be discussed.
Prerequisites: Open to students in their last semester of academic study.

FSC 515 Advanced Forensic Pattern Analysis - 3 credits

This course will focus on mathematical methods of pattern evidence comparison. Strong emphasis will be placed on geometric, deterministic and statistical-based data models, including metrics of comparison and data reduction. Topics to be covered include linear discriminant analysis (LDA), quadratic discriminant analysis (QDA), principal component analysis (PCA), Mahalanobis distance, cosine similarities, and likelihood ratios. Basic digital image processing (DIP) and algorithm development will also be discussed.
Prerequisites: Completion of undergraduate prerequisites for the program.

FSC 599 Continuing Research - 1 credit each semester until completion of thesis

Continuation of summer thesis research into the academic year.
Prerequisites: FSC 500, 501 and 502.